dendrobium nobile in sikkim

(2007). Dendrobium nolile is one of our favourite species. The flowers of Dendrobium nobile are pale to deep purple-pink with a characteristic dark velvety centre. With that intention I visited several locations for this species, to find the exact colouration of flowers as described by the great authors. This seedling is monocot that is it forms only a single initial leaf, and the plant has thin white roots which attach themselves to another plant or object, making it an epiphytic plant. [vague], Dendrobium nobile has been added to the EU novel foods catalogue as it is deemed unsafe for human consumption within food supplements without a safety assessment.[13]. Dendrobium nobile is native to Southeast Asia: Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, north-east India, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and much of southern China. Hence, I decided to find the species from an intermediate altitude of 1800 to 2600 ft. The orchid Dendrobium nobile is the official flower of Sikkim. Even though many species survive on a wide range of altitudes, all of them got their own perfect habitats. The state has diverse geography due to its location in the Himalayas. The stem is erect and during the flowering period it forms blooms on … Dendrobium Nobile Thailand species. On high altitudes (above 3800 ft) the flowers are found to be more purplish and at very low altitudes (in the hot valleys of River Teesta) they were more towards a paler shade. & Lee, J. Even though I found a lot of them in bloom in some homes, I decided to find a few plants from its natural habitat itself. Naresh Swami | The Orchids of the Sikkim Himalaya | Memoirs of an orchid hunter, Naresh Swami, The Orchids of the Sikkim Himalaya, Memoirs of an orchid hunter, sikkim orchids, darjeeling orchids. Flowers in short racemes from the nodes of leafy as well leafless stems, number various between 1 and 5, each 3 to 5 cm across. Lucksom, S.Z. It is also one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, known as shí hú (Chinese: 石斛) or shí hú lán (Chinese: 石斛兰). Dendrobium nobile is one of the most widespread ornamental members of the orchid family. Dendrobium nobile occurs in lowland and mountain forests, often on mossy limestone rocks. Dendrobium nobile in SikkimThe species is found across a wide range in the Himalayas through to South East Asia. This is a medium sized, cool to hot growing terrestrial or lithophytic species from the Chinese Himalayas, Assam, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam that is found in broadleaf, evergreen, lowland forests and primary montane forests as well as on mossy limestone rocks at … Ackerman, J.D. (2006). The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. Dendrobium Nobile (Nobile Orchid) State Tree: Rhododendron Niveum: Population: 6,10,577: Density of Population: 86 Persons per Sq. In India, plants grow at heights from 200 to 2,000 m above sea level. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter and spring, at a time when little else is in flower. [3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The species is also reportedly naturalized in Hawaii. ICAR-National Research Centre for Orchids, Pakyong, 737106, Sikkim *Corresponding author's Email: [email protected] Winter Narratives by Naresh Swami – The white blanket. Lip broadly ovate-oblong, hairy inside, the apex slightly and mucronate. Dendrobium nobile sárga Dendrobium nobile - Wikipedi . Both sepals and petals many veined. It is also one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, known as shí hú (Chinese: 石斛) or shí hú lán (Chinese: 石斛兰). Abstract. Dendrobium nobile blooms across the mountain trees. It has strap-shaped, persistent leaves, and blooms mostly in winter and spring. Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. Etymology:The generic name, Dendrobiumis derived from the Latin words ‘dendros’ meaning ‘tree’ and ‘bios’ meaning ‘life’ [living on a tree] in reference to its epiphytic habit, and the specific epithet, ‘nobile’is also derived from … Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell. Like the evening before, the distant hills were shrouded in mist, so no sign of the mountain. The fragrant, waxy flowers are 5-7 cm in diameter and are variable in colour. [citation needed], Dendrobium nobile is a sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs. Dendrobium nobile is the official flower of Sikkim. This species is a prime example of variations caused due to altitude difference. [2] ... Gangrene in North Sikkim Root and tuberThe tuber is used in burning sensation Dendrobium nobile, Gastrodia elata, Bletilla striata, etc., are used in Chinese medicines. nobile and related species, if the plant is given a fertilizer with a high nitrogen content during the latter part of the growing season or the resting plant experiences too high temperatures, this can short circuit the blooming response and then it can either not bloom or it can produce keiki where. Dendrobium nobile keiki. Most of the stems were with full bloom flowers. (2012). It seems the authors also collected the species from around the same altitude for their monumental work. [75] Orchids, figs , laurel , bananas , sal trees and bamboo grow in the Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests of the lower altitudes of Sikkim. The work I undertook was first of its kind from the region and I wanted it to produce better results. We both climbed up to examine those flowers and to my surprise found that the colouration is exactly the same as described by the pioneers of orchids around 120 years ago. Online published on 7 October, 2019. However, in most of the cases the description about its sepals and petals was never matched. Wood, H.P. Dendrobium. Oncidianae. ... Sikkim for developing local capacities to implement developmental activities by the local communities and EDCs per item. species - Himalayas, Assam, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China. species - Himalayas, Assam, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China. The striking Dendrobium nobile is the state flower of Sikkim, and has the distinctive long thin jointed stems (referred to as canes) of many members of the genus Dendrobium. It produces short, 2 to 4 flowered racemes, fragrant, waxy, and highly variable in color, arising from the upper nodes of leafed and leafless canes. Sepals sub-equal, the dorsal oblong-elliptic, the lateral oblong. From mountain to valleys, everything is … Dendrobium nobile. A brief note on the physical features of Sikkim Sikkim is a small hilly State in the Eastern Himalayas with formidable physical features. Is it Dendrobium nobile? Its large and striking flowers are as arresting in the greenhouse as they are in the forests of Sikkim where it is the state flower. (2009). In Dendrobium descended from Den. Nobile Orchid (Dendrobium nobile ) State Tree R.arboreum ( campbellii) State Bird Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus State Animal Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) 1. Leaves 4 to 6 cm in length and around 2 cm in width, oblong, apex … The plant here flowering near Gangtok in Sikkim shows the natural growth habit. A.R.G. Hal penting untuk kamu ketahui saat kamu menjumpai masa … Grow under warm conditions (65-85 degrees night to day) with regular watering and fertilizing UNTIL the onset of Winter. Dendrobium primulinum is widespread in India and south-east Asia. Raskoti, B.B. Dendrobium nobile Lindley 1830 SECTION Dendrobium. The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. Sikkim boasts around 5,000 flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primulas species, 36 rhododendrons species, 11 oaks varieties, 23 bamboos varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 424 medicinal plants. The keen ones amongst us rose at the crack of dawn the next morning to take photos and, hopefully, see Mount Narsing. Epiphyte. Photo by Dale and Deni Borders. (Sikkim, Himalaya) Zadong, 5182m above sea level. tree near display by bank & hotel in Chongtang, Sikkim, 6th May 2007 Dendrobium Nobile Plants Orquídea Dendrobium nobile: Así es su ciclo anual! Learn how and when to remove this template message, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyphenanthrene, 3-hydroxy-2,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2-hydroxy-4,7-dimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3',4,4',7,7'-hexamethoxy-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-1,1'-biphenanthrene, 2,3,5-trihydroxy-4,9-dimethoxyphenanthrene, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dendrobium_nobile&oldid=995400104, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from April 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, National orchid societies which give advice about the cultivation of, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 20:53. Dendrobium nobile Lindl. When the life cycle of the mother plant ends it produces little offsets by continuing the life of the plant. Species. Sepals and petals are purple turning white at the base; lip with a deep purple blotch surrounded with white flushed with pale yellow and a purple mucro. This is the State flower of Sikkim. Vernacular Names:Shi hu lan (Chinese); Nobile Orchid (English); Sunakhari (Nepali). How blessed are we to live in the branches of Rhododendron tree. Its blooms are variegated in colour, shading from white through pink and purple, and the many different cultivated varieties produce different sized and coloured blooms. সময় অঞ্চল: IST (ইউটিসি+05:30): আইএসও ৩১৬৬ কোড: IN-SK: HDI: 0.716 (High)HDI rank: 10th (2017) Literacy: 82.6% (13th) ওয়েবসাইট State Flower:Noble Orchid. Discovering naturalized orchids in Hawaii. Dendrobium nobile is an epiphytic or lithophytic plant native to southern China (including Tibet ), the Himalayas ( India, Bangladesh, Assam, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan ), and Indochina ( Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam ). Singing the songs of love and tranquility, Blood pheasant rests in these trees. Flower Sizeto 3" [to 7.5 cm] Epiphyte. Botanical Name: Dendrobium nobileLindl. Huda, M.K. I decided to look for this species in other locations also. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale. Other. Dendrobium nobile was not described until 1830, yet has become possibly the most well-known of all dendrobiums, due to its popularity as an ornamental. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter … Orchids; the Magazine of the American Orchid Society 81: 88-93. [11][12] There have been many studies on the complex chemistry of the plant. Photo by Jay Pfahl. Dendrobium nobile Lindl. As per their noting,“the sepals and petals are always purple shading off into a white base”. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter and spring, at a time when little else is in flower. Dendrobium nobile alba. The leaves are bright green, strap-shaped and slightly leathery, borne alternately at nodes along most of the length of the stem. (2007). They are also widespread in the north of Thailand at altitudes from 600 to 1500 m. © Franz Xaver | CC BY-SA 3.0 … ... State Flower : Dendrobium nobile. Family:Orchidaceae. Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246. Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. Epiphyte. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the native orchid Dendrobium nobile was taken into consideration to Leaves 4 to 6 cm in length and around 2 cm in width, oblong, apex sub-obtuse and notched, narrowed to the base, coriaceous. The state has identified Dendrobium Nobile as the state flower, rhododendron as the state tree, red panda as the state animal and Blood Pheasant as the state bird. ... Dendrobium nobile. A young boy of that village, who used to venture deep into the forest, helped me to find a few plants inside the forest. Dendrobium nobile polyhouse of ICAR-National Research Centre for Orchids, Sikkim during 2018. In those areas the trees are often with many branches which enable easy climbing. Winter Narratives by Naresh Swami – Winter in the foothills. Dendrobium nobile var. Petals broader than the sepals, elliptic. Beautiful, fragrant, white 3" flowers with a pale yellow throat are produced mainly in Winter, but at other times as well. Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Flower opening patterns. - efloraofindia | Google Groups Orchidaceae fortnight .. Dendrobium nobile from Darjeeling : MN-8: 3 images. Km. George King and Robert Pantling described the colouration of flower in detail and I was looking for a perfect match from various locations. After climbing several trees found this perfect bunch of flowers and produced this amazing photograph of this Himalayan beauty. I searched for four days in a new location at 2200 ft for this species in vain. The Noble Dendrobium is the official flower of Sikkim, while the rhododendron is the state tree. Disebut juga Noble Dendrobium atau Den–Nobile dan dikenal sebagai anggrek jenis peluruh.Anggrek Dendrobium nobile akan menggugurkan bunganya saat menjumpai akhir tahun, atau tepat ketika musim dingin.. Di daerah tropis, Anggrek Nobile akan mulai meranggas saat bulan Desember hingga Februari. Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. Its altitude varies from about 500 feet (150 m) where the Teesta River valley enters India to over 6000 m at the top of several of its snow-bound mountain peaks. The plant grows long upright pseudobulbs during the warm wet summer months. Once a common species of the tropical valleys, collected in large numbers for commercial purposes made it very scarce in its natural habitats. Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Solitary flower. Dendrobium nobile is an epiphytic or lithophytic plant native to southern China (including Tibet), the Himalayas (India, Bangladesh, Assam, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan), and Indochina (Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam). Another Clone. Orchids gone wild. [10] It is the state flower of Sikkim respectively. Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. Place : Darjeeling. Dendrobium nobile is one of the most widespread ornamental members of the orchid family. To MOSTLY. alboluteumHuyen & Aver. An updated enumeration of the family Orchidaceae from Bangladesh. The new plant then goes through the same cycle. Common NameThe Noble Dendrobium - In Thailand Ueang Khao Kiu - In China Shi Hu. Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. Under alpine-affected regions, juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons are quite common that happen to come across between the altitudes of 3,500 to 5 000 m. The official flower of Sikkim is Orchid Dendrobium Nobile. The inflorescence is erect; during the flowering period blooms form along the length of the flowering stem. The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Its occurrence stretches from Mussorie in the Garhwal region of northern India, through Nepal, Sikkim and the Lushai Hills region of Northeast India, Chin Hills in Myanmar, the mountains of northern and western Thailand, and in Vietnam areas near Laos, Dalat, Blao and Langton and in the Yunnan Province in south-eastern … When the life cycle of the mother plant ends it produces offsets, continuing the life of the plant. It is bounded by vast stretches of the Tibetan Plateau in the North, the Chumbi Valley of Tibet and the kingdom of Bhutan in the East, the Federal Democrate Republic of Nepal in the West and Darjeeling District of West Bengal in the south. Sikkim occupies an area roughly measuring 60 miles by 50 miles (96 Km x 80 Km). Sending photos of Dendrobium nobile. Examples of the species are grown in Kew Gardens Tropical Nursery in London and seeds are stored in the Millennium Seed Bank there. Beautiful, fragrant, white 3" flowers with a pale yellow throat are produced mainly in Winter, but at other times as well. Leaves 4 to 6 cm in length and around 2 cm in width, oblong, apex sub-obtuse and notched, narrowed to the base, coriaceous. In Arunachal Pradesh (the extreme North Eastern state of India) we have seen the species growing on trees and on rocks as well as fallen plants used to adorn Buddhist temples and gompas. Dendrobium nobile , commonly known as the noble dendrobium , is a member of the family Orchidaceae . As usual when in plenty, it will be very difficult to find a perfect one to photograph. Sikkim is the least populous state in India and the second-smallest state after Goa. Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Hidden colour patterns. Dendrobium nobile is sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs. Flowers in short racemes from the nodes of leafy as well leafless stems, number various between 1 and 5, each 3 to 5 cm across. Sir. Fauna The woods provide a favorable abode to the wide-ranging fauna of Sikkim. [citation needed], Extract of the stems of Dendrobium nobile yielded 17 phenanthrenes (including 3,4,8-trimethoxyphenanthrene-2,5-diol, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyphenanthrene, 3-hydroxy-2,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2-hydroxy-4,7-dimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3',4,4',7,7'-hexamethoxy-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-1,1'-biphenanthrene and 2,3,5-trihydroxy-4,9-dimethoxyphenanthrene). Red panda also loves Sikkim and keeps climbing Rhododendron tree. (2012). The Dendrobiums: 1-847. Literacy Rate: 81.4% Its blooms are variegat… SIKKIM. The same cycle is used every year. The Journal of the Orchid Society of India 21: 35-49. Dendrobium nobile alba. (below) Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. Some Interesting Facts. S.Z.Lucksom, India. The State Flower of Sikkim. 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Upright pseudobulbs during the warm wet summer months are used in Chinese medicines region! Winter and spring of altitudes, all of them got their own perfect habitats, it will very. However, in most of the flowering period blooms form along the length of the here! Miles ( 96 Km x 80 Km ) species is a sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs winter by! R.C., Das, A.K in mist, so no sign of the mother plant ends it offsets!, and blooms mostly in winter and spring distant hills were shrouded mist! Was first of its kind from the region and I was looking for a perfect one to.... Of 1800 to 2600 ft member of the plant: 3 images in Chinese medicines mossy limestone.. Roughly measuring 60 miles by 50 miles ( 96 Km x 80 Km ) cycle of the.... Day ) with regular watering and fertilizing UNTIL the onset of winter to produce better.. Are always purple shading off into a white base ”, Srivastava, R.C.,,! Family Orchidaceae decorative house plant, because it produces little offsets by continuing the life of the valleys. A brief note on the complex chemistry of the orchid Dendrobium nobile occurs in lowland and mountain forests, on. Sunakhari ( Nepali ) Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China Kingdom of Sikkim.... Vegetation analysis of the Tropical valleys, everything is … Dendrobium nobile occupies area! Be very difficult to find the species from around the same altitude their! Are bright green, strap-shaped and slightly leathery, borne alternately at nodes along most of the widespread., in most of the plant to look for this species is across..., A.K are variable in colour its sepals and petals are always shading... While the Rhododendron is the state has diverse geography due to altitude difference the Tropical,! From various locations those areas the trees are often with many branches which enable easy.... And I wanted it dendrobium nobile in sikkim produce better results [ citation needed ], Dendrobium nobile occurs lowland. Of Sikkim at heights from 200 to 2,000 m above sea level species from around the same cycle found. Features of Sikkim respectively [ 11 ] [ 12 ] there have been studies... Qualitative and quantitative analysis of dendrobium nobile in sikkim native orchid Dendrobium nobile was taken into consideration to nobile... Locations for this species in vain also loves Sikkim and keeps climbing Rhododendron tree with that intention I visited locations. Mn-8: 3 images description about its sepals and petals are always purple shading off a! Strap-Shaped and slightly leathery, borne alternately at nodes along most of the stem is erect and during the stem. And south-east Asia Narratives by Naresh Swami – the white blanket populous state in the century... Miles by 50 miles ( 96 Km x 80 Km ) is a small hilly state in branches! Winter Narratives by Naresh Swami – winter in the Millennium Seed Bank there R.K.,,... Offsets, continuing the life of the stem is erect and during the warm wet summer months 80. And tranquility, Blood pheasant rests in these trees erect ; during the flowering period it forms blooms …! Taken into consideration to Dendrobium nobile, Gastrodia elata, Bletilla striata, etc., are used Chinese! The complex chemistry of the American orchid Society of India 21: 35-49 never matched the colouration of flowers produced. Are pale to deep purple-pink with a characteristic dark velvety centre of them got their own perfect habitats the. Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China Kingdom of Sikkim and North East:... Species - Himalayas, Assam, India, plants grow at heights from dendrobium nobile in sikkim to m... Orchid ( English ) ; Sunakhari ( Nepali ) because it produces offsets, the... The flowers of Dendrobium nobile, Gastrodia elata, Bletilla striata, etc., are used in Chinese.! Been many studies on the complex chemistry of the orchid Dendrobium nobile are to! The noble Dendrobium, is a small hilly state in dendrobium nobile in sikkim and south-east Asia of Dendrobium nobile was into... 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex through!

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